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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
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Biography and Timeline

Family photo of Joseph Cushman at seven years


Early Years


Born in Bridgewater, MA, 31 January 1881 to Darius and Jane Cushman. As a young boy, Cushman loved nature and baseball.

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Family photo of Joseph Cushman in 1901, the year he began his studies at Harvard


Education and Family


Received his bachelor's and Ph.D. degrees from Harvard. Married Alice Wilson (1903) and had three children. Widowed 1912; remarried 1913.

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Joseph Cushman on horse during his field work in Mexico for Marland Oil in 1923


Early Career


Cushman worked as a curator with the Boston Society of Natural History before turning his attention to forams and oil exploration.

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The Sharon Laboratory was a research facility designed and built by Dr. Cushman in 1923

Sharon (MA) Laboratory


Sharon laboratory, the center of foraminiferal research in the early part of the twentieth century, trained a generation of researchers.

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Dr. Cushman at his desk in 1945

Cushman's Legacy


Upon his death, Cushman bequeathed his scientific collection to the Smithsonian.

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