Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Geologic Time The Story of a Changing Earth
Presented by the Department of Paleobiology.
The Archean
Eon Overview
Early Continents and Oceans
The First Life on Earth
Changes in the Atmosphere
Acasta gneiss, one of the oldest known rocks on Earth.
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Banded Iron Formation
references and links
Foundational Concepts
Dating Methods
Earth Processes
Life Processes
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Cloud, Preston. 1988. Oasis in Space. New York: W. W. Norton Company. 508 pp.

Condie, Kent C. 1981. Archean Greenstone Belts. Amsterdam, New York: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company. 434 pp.

Cowen, Richard. 2000. History of Life, third edition. London: Blackwell Science, Inc. 432 pp.

Dott, Robert H., Jr., and Donald R. Prothero. 1994. Evolution of the Earth, fifth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc. 569 pp.

Kröner, A., G. N. Hanson, and A. M. Goodwin, editors. 1984. Archaean Geochemistry: the Origin and Evolution of the Archaean Continental Crust. Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag. 286 pp.

Kutter, G. S. 1987. The Universe and Life: Origins and Evolution. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc. 592 pp.

Levin, Harold L. 1996. The Earth through Time, sixth edition. Philadelphia: Saunders College Publishing. 568 pp.

McCall, G. J. H., editor. 1977. The Archean: Search for the Beginning. Stroudsburgh, Pennsylvania: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross. 505 pp.
Stanley, Steven M. 1999. Earth System History. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company. 615 pp.

Wicander, Reed, and James S. Monroe. 2000. Historical Geology: Evolution of the Earth and Life through Time, third edition. Pacific Grove, California: Brooks/Cole. 580 pp.

The Archean
Earth’s crust

Eon Overview | Early Continents and Oceans | The First Life on Earth
Changes in the Atmosphere

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