Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Geologic Time The Story of a Changing Earth
Presented by the Department of Paleobiology.
The Cambrian
Eon Overview
The Cambrian Explosion
The Burgess Shale Fauna
"Age of Trilobites" and the Cambrian Fauna
Plate Tectonics at the Start of the Paleozoic
Ottoia prolifica
learn more
Burgess Shale fossils
Cambrian algae
Archaeocyath reef
Cambrian rocks
references and links
Foundational Concepts
Dating Methods
Earth Processes
Life Processes
Privacy Statement Copyright
Glossary Credits Email Us

Bengtson, S., et al. (Editors), 1990, Early Cambrian Fossils from South Australia: Memoir 9, Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, 364 p.

Briggs, D.E.G., 1994, Giant Predators from the Cambrian of China: Science, v. 264, p. 1283-1284.

Briggs, D.E.G., Erwin, D.H., and Collier, F.J., 1994, The Fossils of the Burgess Shale: Washington, Smithsonian Institution Press, 238 p.

Chen, Junyuan, and Zhou, Guiqing, 1997, Biology of the Chengjiang Fauna: Bulletin, Chinese National Museum of Natural Science, No. 10, p. 11-105.

Collier, F.J., 1983, The Burgess Shale: An Incredible Window on the Cambrian Period: Rocks and Minerals, v. 58, p. 257-264.

Conway Morris, S. (Editor), 1982, Atlas of the Burgess Shale, Palaeontological Association, 31 p.

Conway Morris, S., 1985, The Middle Cambrian Metazoan Wiwaxia corrugata (Matthew), from the Burgess Shale and Ogygopsis Shale, British Columbia, Canada: Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society of London, B. Biological
Sciences, v. 307, p. 507-586.

Conway Morris, S., 1987, Cambrian Enigmas: Geology Today, p. 88-92.

Debrenne, F., and James, N.P., 1981, Reef-Associated Archaeocyathans from the Lower Cambrian of Labrador and Newfoundland: Palaeontology, v. 24, p. 343-378.

MacKinnon, D.I., 1982, Tuarangia paparua N. Gen. and N. Sp., a late Middle Cambrian Pelecypod from New Zealand: Journal of Paleontology, v. 57, p. 73-92.

Raaben, M.E. (Editor), 1981, The Tommotian Stage and the Cambrian Lower Boundary Problem: USSR Academy of Sciences, Geological Institute, No. 206, 359 p. (English Translation, Amerind Publishing Co., New Delhi, India.)

Runnegar, B., and Jell, P., 1976, Australian Middle Cambrian Molluscs and their bearing on early Molluscan Evolution:Alcheringa, v. 1, p. 109-138.

Runnegar, B., and Bentley, C., 1983, Anatomy, Ecology, and Affinities of the Australian Early Cambrian Bivalve Pojetaia runnegari Jell, Journal of Paleontology, v. 57, p. 73-92.

Sedgwick, A., 1835, The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal of Sciences and Arts, v. 19, p. 390.

Sedgwick, A., 1836, Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science for 1835, part 2, Notices of Communications, p. 59-61.

Shimer, H.W., and Shrock, R.R., 1959 (Sixth Printing), Index Fossils of North America: New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 837 p.

Webers, G.F., et al. (Editors), 1992, Geology and Paleontology of the Ellsworth Mountains, West Antarctica: Geological Society of America, Memoir 170, 459 p.

Zhuravlev, A. Yu., and Riding, Robert (Editors), 2001, The Ecology of the Cambrian Radiation: New York, Columbia University Press, 525 p.


Overview | The Cambrian Explosion | The Burgess Shale Fauna
The "Age of Trilobites" and the Cambrian Fauna | Tectonics at the Start of the Paleozoic

Department of Paleobiology Home | National Museum of Natural History Home
Smithsonian Institution Home