Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Geologic Time The Story of a Changing Earth
Presented by the Department of Paleobiology.
The Oligocene
Contents
Epoch Overview
Terrestrial Life Throughout the Oligocene
Oligocene Marine Life
Shifting Continents and Climates
Evidence
Skull of an entelodont
learn more
sample
Three-toed horse
Camel
Oreodont
Saber-toothed cat
Saber-toothed cat
Extinct armored lizard
Tree oyster
references and links
Foundational Concepts
Dating Methods
Earth Processes
Life Processes
Privacy Statement Copyright
Glossary Credits Email Us


References:
Behrensmeyer, A. K., J. D. Damuth, W. A. DiMichele, R. Potts, H.-D. Sues, and S. L. Wing. 1992. Terrestrial Ecosystems through Time: Evolutionary Paleoecology of Terrestrial Plants and Animals. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 568 pp.

Berry, W. B. N. 1968. Growth of a Prehistoric Time Scale: Based on Organic Evolution. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Company. 158 pp.

Brown, R. W. 1956. The Composition of Scientific Words. Published by the author. 882 pp.

Davies, R., J. Cartwright, J. Pike, and C. Line. 2001. Early Oligocene initiation of North Atlantic Deep Water formation. Nature 410:917–920.

Dott, R. H., Jr., and D. R. Prothero. 1994. Evolution of the Earth, fifth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc. 603 pp.

Janis, C. M., K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs, editors. 1998. Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America, Vol. 1: Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates, and Ungulatelike Mammals. New York: Cambridge University Press. 691 pp.

Pomerol, C. 1982. The Cenozoic Era: Tertiary and Quaternary. Chichester, U.K.: Ellis Horwood Limited. 272 pp.

Stanley, S. M.. 1987. Earth and Life Through Time, second edition. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company. 689 pp.

Links:
Department of Paleobiology Life of a Vertebrate Fossil http://paleobiology.si.edu/LVF/index.htm


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Overview | Terrestrial Life Throughout the Oligocene | Oligocene Marine Life
Shifting Continents and Climates



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