Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Geologic Time The Story of a Changing Earth
Presented by the Department of Paleobiology.
The Paleocene
Contents
Epoch Overview
Terrestrial Life through the Paleocene
Life in the Paleocene Oceans
Climates and Shifting Continents
Evidence
Lower jaw of Plesiadapis cookei
learn more
sample
Shark's tooth
Ptilodus montanus
Ectocion ralstonensis
Caenolambda pattersoni
Creodont
Japanese scholar tree
Sycamore relative and dawn redwood
Insect damage on plant leaves
references and links
Foundational Concepts
Dating Methods
Earth Processes
Life Processes
Privacy Statement Copyright
Glossary Credits Email Us


References
Behrensmeyer, A. K., J. D. Damuth, W. A. DiMichele, R. Potts, H.-D. Sues, and S. L. Wing. 1992. Terrestrial Ecosystems through Time: Evolutionary Paleoecology of Terrestrial Plants and Animals. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 568 pp.

Berry, W. B. N. 1968. Growth of a Prehistoric Time Scale: Based on Organic Evolution. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Company. 158 pp.

Brown, R. W. 1956. The Composition of Scientific Words. Published by the author. 882 pp.

Dott, R. H., Jr., and D. R. Prothero. 1994. Evolution of the Earth, fifth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc. 603 pp.

Janis, C. M., K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs, editors. 1998. Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America, Vol. 1: Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates, and Ungulatelike Mammals. New York: Cambridge University Press. 691 pp.

Stanley, S. M.. 1987. Earth and Life Through Time, second edition. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company. 689 pp.

Wilf, P., C. C. Labandeira, K. R. Johnson, P. D. Coley and A. D. Cutter. 2001. Insect herbivory, plant defense, and early Cenozoic climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 98:6221-6226.

Labandeira, C. C., K. R. Johnson, and P. Lang. 2002. A preliminary assessment of insect herbivory across the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary: major extinction and minimal rebound. In The Hell Creek Formation and the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary in the Northern Great Plains: An Integrated Continental Record at the End of the Cretaceous, J. H. Hartman, K. R. Johnson, and D. J. Nichols, editors. Geological Society of America Special Paper 361:297-327.

Wing, S.L., P. D. Gingerich, B. Schmitz, and E. Thomas. 2003. Causes and Consequences of early Paleogene Warm Climates. Geological Society of America Special Paper 369.

Links:
Department of Paleobiology Life of a Vertebrate Fossil http://paleobiology.si.edu/LVF/index.htm


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Epoch Overview | Terrestrial Life through the Paleocene | Life in the Paleocene Oceans
Climates and Shifting Continents



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