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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
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Department of Paleobiology

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  • Ian G. Macintyre
  • Curator of Carbonate Sedimentology
  • Phone:   202-633-1339
  • Fax:   202-786-2832
  • E-mail Address:   macintyre
  • Mailing Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    PO Box 37012, MRC 121
    Washington, DC 20013-7012
  • Shipping Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    National Museum of Natural History
    10th & Constitution NW
    Washington, DC 20560-0121
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Education

Ph.D. McGill University, 1967
B.S. Queen's University, 1957

Research Interests

I am a carbonate petrologist/sedimentologist whose primary research objective at Smithsonian has been to document the Holocene (postglacial) history of coral reefs and to understand its relation to the planet's most recent rise in sea level. This has been a many-faceted and multidsciplinary exploration encompassing studies of submarine lithification, carbonate diagenesis, the skeletal mineralogy of reef organisms, bioerosion, and Holocene sea-level history. To this end, when I arrived at Smithsonian in the early 1970s, I developed the first submersible hydraulic drill used in the study of reef history. It enabled me-and subsequently, many others-to collect cores from reefs at their entire depth range. This material has provided valuable information on the internal structures of reefs and allowed the scientific community to make enormous strides in its understanding of the depositional history of western Atlantic reefs. Today we not only know how these reefs have coped with rising sea levels, but we have enough data on their accumulation rates to develop computer models indicating which environmental parameters have had the greatest influence on both their survival and demise.

Like all discoveries about our planet, this information has intrinsic scientific value, especially because reef systems play an exceedingly important biologic role, second in complexity to rainforests. Past processes and the past history of coral reefs suggest that reefs are not as fragile as once thought. Indeed, my studies over the past two decades and those of others demonstrate that some reefs have survived catastrophic rises in sea level associated with very rapid pulses of meltwater. Our computer models suggest that even in the face of possible global warming and its hypothesized rises in sea level, coral reefs should survive most scenarios. With the flooding of broad reef flats in the Pacific, they may actually flourish. At the same time, some drastic regional changes-such as the devastation in Belize lagoons caused by white-band disease in the 1980s or bleaching caused by high temperatures in the fall of 1989-are not reflected anywhere in the 3,000-year-old historic record that we have compiled and may be related to human activity. Put succinctly, the total findings of my work confirm that a sound understanding of nature's forces is essential to the preservation and sound management of the world's natural resources. This is not just a mantra of today's scientific community. It is a reality that should be understood by all humankind.

Research Assistants, Current and Former Post-doctoral Fellows, and Students

Post-Doctoral:

  • Kenneth A. Rasmussen (1989-1991) Northern Virginia Community College
  • R. Pamela Reid (1986-1988) University of Miami
  • Richard R. Graus (1976-1977) Northern Virginia Community College

Pre-Doctoral

  • Robin G. Lighty (1976)

Positions Held:

  • September 1987 - Present. Division Supervisor, Sedimentology.
    Department of Paleobiology, Smithsonian Institution.
  • September 1982 - September 1987. Chairman, Department of Paleobiology, Smithsonian Institution.
  • July 1971 - September 1982. Geologist, Department of Paleobiology,
    Smithsonian Institution.
  • July 1970 - July 1971. Research Collaborator, Smithsonian Institution.
  • July 1970 - January 1971. CITRE Program Manager, Office of Environmental Sciences, Smithsonian Institution.
  • June 1967 - June 1970. Research Staff, Duke University Marine
    Laboratory, Beaufort, North Carolina.
  • September 1963 - June 1967. Teaching Assistant, McGill University.
  • September 1960 - July 1963. Calgary Division, Shell Canada Ltd.
    Stratigrapher in Exploration Department under L. V. Illing, working
    on the Mississippian of southern foothills belt, Rocky Mountains,
    and on the Devonian of southern Alberta.
  • June 1957 - September 1960. Regina Division, Shell Canada, Ltd.
    Stratigrapher in Exploration Department, working on Mississippian
    and Devonian of Williston Basin.
  • April 1956 - September 1956. Field Geologist, Shell Canada Ltd.
  • April 1955 - September 1955. Field Geologist, Ontario Dept. Mines, Canada

Societies and Editorial Service:

  • Council Member - The Atlantic Reef Committee
  • Adjunct Professor - Curriculum in Marine Sciences, University of North
    Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC and Dept. of Geology, University of Pennsylvania
  • President - International Society for Reef Studies (1983-1986)
  • Editorial Referee - for Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and
    Ecology
  • Associate Editor, Journal of Sedimentary Petrology (1979-1983)
    Geological Editor - Coral Reefs - Journal of the International Society
    for Reef studies (1981-1993)
  • Co-Editor - Atoll Research Bulletin (1982-1993)
  • Coordinating Editor - Atoll Research Bulletin (1993-

Honors:

  • 1977 Honorable Mention in the Outstanding Paper Award for Journal of Sedimentary Petrology.
  • 1994 Honorable Mention for Excellence of Poster Presentation at the 1994 SEPM/AAPG Annual Meeting in Denver, Colorado.
  • 1996 Darwin Medal from the International Society for Reef Studies at the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium in Panama. This medal is offered every four years to a scientist whose career is distinguished by outstanding contributions to coral-reef research.
  • 1997 Key to Metropolitan Dade County, Miami, Florida. Presented by Mayor Alex Penelas "in recognition of Macintyre's research on coral reefs that assists local governments with their plans for conservation".

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Publications

1967.  Macintyre, I. G.  Submerged coral reefs, west coast of Barbados, West  Indies.  Can. J. Earth Sci., 4:461-474.

1968.  Macintyre, I. G.  Preliminary mapping of the insular shelf off the west coast of Barbados, W. I. Caribbean J. Sci., 8:94-l00.

1968.  Macintyre, I. G., Mountjoy,  E. W. and d'Anglejan, B. F.  An occurrence of submarine cementation of carbonate sediments off the west coast of Barbados, W. I.  J. Sed. Petrology, 38:660-664.

1969.  Macintyre, I. G.  Reefs on the North Carolina Shelf?  North Carolina Eng., 26:19-26.

1969.  Macintyre, I. G. and Pilkey, O. H. Tropical reef corals: Tolerance of low temperatures on the North Carolina continental shelf.  Science, 166:374-375.

1969.  Macintyre., I. G. and Pilkey, O. H. Preliminary comments on linear sand_surface features, Onslow Bay,    North Carolina continental shelf: problems in making detailed sea_floor observations. Maritime Sediments, 1:26-29.

1970.  Macintyre, I. G.  Sediments off the west coast of Barbados: Diversity of origin.  Marine Geol., 9:5-23.

1970.  Macintyre, I. G. and  Milliman, J. D..  Physiographic features on the outer shelf and upper slope.  Atlantic continental margin, southeastern United States.  Geol. Soc. America Bull., 81:2577-2598.

1971.  Macintyre, I. G.  Some submerged coral reefs in the Caribbean.Trans. vol. Fifth Caribbean Geological Conference, St. Thomas,1968. In Geol. Bull. 5:49 54 (Queen's College Press:  New York).

1971.  Macintyre, I. G. and  Milliman,  J. D.   Limestones from the outer shelf and upper slope, continental margin: Southeastern United States. In O. P. Bricker (ed.), Carbonate Cements,  pp. 103-110. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.

1971.  Macintyre, I. G., Mountjoy,  E. W. and  d'Anglejan, B. F.  Submarine cementation of carbonate sediments off the west coast of Barbados, W. I.  In O. P. Bricker (ed.), Carbonate Cements, pp.91-94.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.

1971.  Pilkey, O. H.,  Macintyre, I. G. and Uchupi, E.  Shallow structures: Shelf edge of continental margin between Cape Hatterss and Cape Fear, North Carolina.  Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologist Bull., 55:110-115.

1971.  Huntsman, G. R. and  Macintyre, I. G.  Tropical coral patches in Onslow Bay.  Underwater Naturalist_Bull. Amer. Littoral Society, 7:32-34.

1972.  Macintyre, 1. G.  Submerged reefs of Eastern Caribbean.  Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologist Bull., 56:720-738.

1972.  Macintyre, I. G. and  Smith,  S. V.  A model of inorganic carbon flux through a coral_reef ecosystem Preprint.  AAPG/SEPM Annual Meetings, Denver, Colorado, 13 p.

1972.  Rice, M. E. and I. G. Macintyre,  I. G.  A preliminary study of sipunculan burrows in rock thin sections.  Caribbean J. Sci.,  12:41-44.

1973.  Macintyre, I. G.  Submerged reefs of Eastern Caribbean: Reply.  Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologist Bull., 57(2):408-409.

1973.  Adey, W. H. and Macintyre, I. G.  Crustose coralline algae: A reevaluation in the geological sciences.  Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., 84:883-904.

1974.  Macintyre, I. G.  Some aspects of Recent coral_reef geological research.  In L. C. Gerhard and H. G. Multer (eds.), pp.  15-17, Recent Advances in Carbonate Studies, Spec. Pub. 6,  West Indies Laboratory, St. Croix, USVI, 50 p.

1974.  Macintyre, I. G.  A diver_operated hydraulic drill for coring submerged substrates.  Atoll Research Bull., 185:21-26.

1974.  Macintyre, I. G. and Smith, S. V.  X_radiographic studies of skeletal development in coral colonies.  Proc. 2nd Coral Reef Symposium, Brisbane, Great Barrier Reef Committee, 2:277-287.

1974.  Macintyre, I. G.,  Smith, S. V. and  Zieman, Jr.,  J. C.  Carbon flux through a coral_reef ecosystem: A conceptual model.  J. Geology, 82:161-171.

1974.  Barnard, L. A., Macintyre,  I. G. and  Pierce,  J. W.  Possible environmental index in tropical reef corals.  Nature, 252:219-220.

1974.  Dahl, A. L.,  Macintyre, I. G.  and  Antonius, A.  A comparative survey of coral_reef research sites.  Atoll Research Bull., 172:37-120.

1975.  Macintyre, I. G.,  Blackwelder, B. W.,  Land, L. S. and  Stuckenrath, R. North Carolina shelf-edge sandstone: Age, environment of origin and relationship to pre_existing sea levels.  Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 86:1073-1078.

1975.  Macintyre, I. G., Kinsmen, D. J. J.  and German, R. C.  Geological reconnaissance survey of Saba Bank, Caribbean Sea.  Caribbean J. Sci. 15:11-20.

1976.  Macintyre, I. G. and Glynn,  P. W.   Evolution of a modern Caribbean fringing reef, Galeta Point, Panama.  Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., 60:1054-1072.

1976.  Graus, R. R. and  Macintyre, I. G.   Light control of growth form in colonial reef corals: Computer simulation.  Science 193:895-897.

1976.  Macintyre, I. G. and Towe, K. M.  Skeletal calcite in living  scleractinia corals: Microboring fillings, not primary skeletal deposits.  Science 193:701-702.

1977.  Miller, J. A. and Macintyre, I. G.  Field guidebook to the reefs of Belize.  Atlantic Reef Committee, Miami, 36 p.

1977.  Adey, W. H.,  Macintyre,  I. G., Stuckenrath, R. and Dill,  R. F.  Relict barrier reef system off St. Croix: Its implications with respect to late Cenosoic coral reef development in the western Atlantic. Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium, 2:15-21.  Atlantic Reef Committee,  Miami, 628 p.

1977.  Glynn,  P. W. and Macintyre,  I. G.   Growth rate and are of coral reefs on the Pacific coast of Panama.  Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium, 2:251-259.  Atlantic ReefCommittee, Miami, 628 p.

1977.  Macintyre,  I. G.  Distribution of submarine cements in a modern Caribbean fringing reef, Galeta Point, Panama.  J. Sed. Petrology, 47:503-516.

1977.  Macintyre, I. G.,  Burke,  R. B. and  R. Stuckenrath.  Thickest recorded Holocene reef section, Isla Perez core hole, Alacran Reef, Mexico.  Geology, vol. 5, pp. 749-754.

1978.  Macintyre, I. G.,  Pilkey, O. H. and  Stuckenrath,  R.  Relict oysters on the United States Atlantic continental shelf: A reconsideration of their usefulness in understanding Late Quaternary sea-level history.  Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.,  89:277-282.

1978.  Macintyre, I. G.  Reply: Distribution of submarine cements in a modern Caribbean fringing reef, Galeta Point, Panama.  J. Sed. Petrology, 48:669-670.

1978.  Rüetzler, K. and I. G. Macintyre.  Siliceous sponge spicules in coral reef sediment.  Marine Biology, 49:147-159.

1978.  Macintyre,  I. G.  A hand_operated submersible drill for coring reef  substrates, pp. 75-80, UNESCO Monogr. Oceanogr.  Methodology no. 5, In D.R. Stoddart and R. E. Johanes (eds.), Coral Reefs:  Research Methods, Paris, UNESCO. 581 p.

1978.  Lighty, R. G., Macintyre, I. G. and Stuckenrath, R.  Submerged early Holocene barrier reef southeast Florida shelf.  Nature, 275:59-60.

1979.  Macintyre, I. G.,  Pilkey, O. H. and Stuckenrath, R..  Relict osters on the United States Atlantic continental shelf: A reconsideration of their usefulness in understanding Late Quaternary sea_level history.  Reply.  Geo1. Soc. Amer. Bull., 90:692-694.

1979.  Lighty,  R. G. and  Macintyre, I. G.  Reply: Holocene reef Growth on the edge of the Florida shelf.  Nature, 278:281-282.

1979.  Lighty, R. G. and  Macintyre, I. G.   Reply: Shelf temperatures and reef growth on the southeast Florida coast.  Nature, 278:670.

1981.  Macintyre, I. G. Distribution of submarine cements in a modern Caribbean fringing reef.  Galeta Point, Panama.  In G. M. Friedman and S. A. Alie (eds).  Diagenesis of Carbonate Rocks: Cement_porosity Relationships, pp. 221-236.  Reprint Series No. 10. Tulsa, Oklahoma.

1981.  Macintyre, I. G., Burke, R. B. and Stuckenrath,  R.  Core holes in the outer fore reef off Carrie Bow Cay, Belize: A key to the Holocene history of the Belizean barrier reef complex, 1:567-574.  In E. D. Gomez (ed.),Proceedings, Fourth International Coral Reef Symposium.  Quezon City, Philippines, University ofthe Philippines.

1982.  Blackwelder, B. W., Macintyre,  I. G. and  Pilkey,  O. H..  Geology of the continental shelf, Onslow Bay, North Carolina as revealed by submarine outcrops.  Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., 66:44-56.

1982.  Macintyre, I. G., Rützler, K.,  Norris, J. N. and K. Fauchald, K.  A submarine cave near Columbus Cay, Belize: A bizarre cryptic habitat.  Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12:12-141.

1982.  Rützler, K. and  Macintyre,  I. G.  Habitat distribution and community structure of the barrier reef complex at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12:9-45.

1982.  Shinn, E. A.,  Hudson, J. H., . Halley, R. B.,  Lidz, B. and Macintyre, I. G.  Geology and sediment accumulation rates at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize.  Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12:63-75.

1982.  May, J. A.,  Macintyre, I. G. and  Perkins, R. D.  Distribution of microborers within planted substrates along a barrier reef transect, Carrie Bow Cay, Belize.  Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12:93-107.

1982.  Rice, M. E. and  Macintyre,  I. G.  Distribution of sipuncula in the coral reef community, Carrie Bow Cay, Belize.  Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12:311-320.

1982.  Graus, R. R. and  Macintyre, I. G.   Variation in growth forms of the reef coral Montastrea annularis (Ellis and Solander): A quantitative evaluation of growth response to light distributionusing computer simulation.  Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12:441-464.

1982.  Waller, T. R. and  Macintyre,  I. G.   Larval settlement behavior and shell morphology of Malleus candeanus (Orbigny) (Mollusca: Bivalva).  Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12:489-497.

1982.  Rützler, K. and  Macintyre, I. G.  The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1:  Structure and Communities. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences No. 12. Washington, D.C.  Smithsonian Institution Press.  539 p.

1982.  Lighty, R. G., Macintyre,  I. G. and  Stuckenrath, R. :  Acropora palmata  reef framework: A reliable indicator of sea level in the Western Atlantic for the past 10,000 years.  Coral Reefs, 1:125-130.

1983.  Macintyre, I. G., Raymond, Bill and Stuckenrath, R. :  Recent History of a finging reef, Bahia Salina del Sur, Vieques Island, Puerto Rico.  Atoll Research Bulletin, Number 268, 9 p.

1983.  Jarosewich, and  Macintyre,  I. G.   Carbonate reference samples for electron microprobe and scanning electron microscope analyses: Jour. Sed. Petrology.  53:677-678.

1983.  Macintyre, I. G.  Growth Depositional facies, and  Diagenesis of a Modern Bioherm, Galeta Point, Panama,  pp. 578-593.  In P. M. Harris (Ed.).  Carbonate Buildups _ A Core Workshop. SEPM Core Workshop No. 4, Tulsa, Okla.  Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, 593 p.

1984.  Macintyre, I. G.  Extensive Submarine Lithification in a Cave in the Belize Barrier Reef Platform.  Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 54:221-235.

1984.  Graus, R. R., Macintyre, I. G. and Herchenroder, B. E.  Computer Simulation of the Reef Zonation at Discovery Bay, Jamaica: Hurricane Disruption and Long-term Physical Oceanographic Controls.  Coral Reefs 3:59-68.

1984.  Macintyre, I. G.  Preburial and Shallow_subsurface Alteration of  Modern Scleractinian Corals.  In Recent Advances in the Paleobiology and Geology of the Cnidaria; Palaeontographica Americana, number 54,  eds. W. A. Oliver et. al. pp. 229-244. Ithaca, N.Y.  Paleontological Research Institution.

1984.  Oliver, W. A., Sando, W. J., Cairns, S. D., Coates, A. G., Macintyre, I. G., Bayer, F. M. and Sorauf, J. E.  Recent Advances in the Paleobiology and Geology of the Cnidaria.  Proceedings of the Fourth Inter_national Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria.  Washington, D.C. August 1983.  Palaeontographica Americana.  number 54, 557 pages.  Ithaca, N.Y.: Paleontological Research Institution.

1984.  Sorauf, J. E. and Macintyre, I.G.  Diagenesis of Carbonate Material: Implications for the Study of Fossil Cnidaria Introduction. Invitational Symposium.  In Recent Advances in the Paleobiology and Geology of the Cnidaria: Palaeontographica Americana, Number 54, Eds. W.A. Oliver et al pp. 227_228.  Ithaca, N.Y.  Paleontological Research Institution.

1985.  Macintyre, I. G.  Submarine Cements _ The Peloidal Question.  In Carbonate Cements.  Special Publication Number 36.  Ed. N. Schneidermann and P.M. Harris.  pp. 109-116.  Tulsa, Oklahoma; Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists.

1985.  Macintyre, I. G., Multer, H. G., Zankl, H. L., Hubbard, D. K. Weiss, M. P., and Stuckenrath, R.  Growth and Depositional Facies of a Windward Reef Complex, Nonsuch Bay, Antigua, W.I.  In Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti, 27 May _ 1 June 1985.  Volume 6.  Miscellaneous Papers (B) Eds. Gabrie, C. and Harmelin Vivien, M.  pp.  605-610. Moorea, French Polynesia.  Antenne Museum - EPHE.

1985.  Davies, P. J. and Macintyre, I. G.  Seminar A.  Reef Growth and Sea_Level Change: The Environmental Signature.  Report of the Discussion In Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti, 27 May _ 1 June 1985.  Volume 3.  Symposia and Seminars (A) Eds. Gabrie, C., Toffart, J. L. and  Salvat, B. pp. 512-515.  Moorea, French Polynesia.  Antenne Museum - EPHE.

1985.  Graus, R. R., Macintyre, I. G., and Herchenroder, B. E. Computer Simulation of the Holocene Facies History of a Caribbean Fringing Reef, Galeta Point, Panama.  In Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti, 27 May _ 1 June 1985.  Volume 3:  Symposia and Seminars (A) Eds. Gabrie C., Toffart, J.L. and Salvat, B. pp. 317-322.  Moorea, French Polynesia.  Antenne Museum - EPHE.

1985.  James, N. P. and Macintyre, I. G.  Carbonate Depositional Environments.  Modern and Ancient.  Part l.  Reefs.  Zonation, Depositional Facies, Diagenesis.  Colorado School of Mines Quarterly, Volume 80, Number 3, 70 p.

1985.  Neumann, A. C., and Macintyre, I. G.  Reef Response of Sea Level Rise: Keep_up, Catch_up or Give_up.  In Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti, 27 May _ 1 June 1985. Volume 3.  Symposia and Seminars (A) Eds. Gabrie C., Toffart, J. L. and Salvat, B.  pp, 105-110.  Moorea, French Polynesia. Antenne Museum - EPHE.

1987.  Macintyre, I. G., Graus, R. R., Reinthal, P. N., Littler, M. M., and Littler, D. S.  The Barrier Reef Sediment Apron: Tobacco Reef, Belize.  Coral Reefs, 6:1-12.

1988.  Reid, R. P., and Macintyre, I. G.  Foraminiferal_Algal Nodules from the Eastern Caribbean:  Growth History and Implications on the Value of Nodules as Paleoenvironmental Indicators.  PALAIOS, 3:424-435.

1988.  Macintyre, I. G.  Modern Coral Reefs of the Western Atlantic:  New Geological Perspective.  Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., 72:1360-1369.

1988.  Macintyre, I. G., and Marshall, J. F.  Submarine Lithfication in Coral Reefs: Some Facts and Misconceptions. In Proceedings of the 6th International Coral Reef Symposium, Townsville, Australia, 8th_12th August 1988,1:263272.

1988. Graus, R. R., and Macintyre, I. G. The Zonation Patterns of  Caribbean Coral Reef; as Controlled by Wave and tight Energy Input, Bathymetric Setting and Reef Morphology: Computer Simulation Experiments; Coral Reefs, 8:9-18.

1988.  Roberts, H. H., and Macintyre, I. G. (eds.).  Halimeda Special Issue. Coral Reef,  6:121-279.

1989.  Macintyre, I. G., and Adey, W. H. Buck Island Bar, St.Croix, USVI: A Reef that Cannot Catch Up with Sea Level. Atoll Research Bull., 336:1-7.

1989.  Burke, R. B., Adey, W. H., and Macintyre I. G.  Overview of  the Holocene history, architecture, and structural components of Tague Reef and Lagoon. In Terrestrial and Marine Geology of St. Croix, U.S. VI.  Special Pub. No. 8 West Indies Laboratory.  D. K. Hubbard (Ed) Tague Bay St. Croix.  p. 105-109.

1990.  Reid, R. P., Macintyre, I. G., and James, N. P.  Internal Precipitation of  Microcrystalline Carbonate: A Fundamental Problem for Sedimentologists. Sedimentary Geology, 68:163-170.

1990   Macintyre, I.G., and Glynn, P.W. Limit of El Nino killoff. Coral Reefs, 9: 90.

1991.  Montaggioni, L. F. and Macintyre, I. G. (Eds.)  Reefs as  recorders of environmental changes.   Special Issue. Coral Reefs, 10:53-125.

1991.  Macintyre, I. G., Rützler, K., Norris, J. N., Smith, I. P., Cairns, S. D., Bucher, K. E., and Steneck, R. S.  An early Holocene reef in the western Atlantic: Submersible investigations of a deep relict reef off the west coast of Barbados, W. I.  Coral Reefs, 10:167-174.

1991   Macintyre, I.G. Acanthaster damage to unprotected Gardineroseris planulata. Coral Reefs, 10: 28.

1991   Macintyre, I.G. Crustaceans guarding small colony of Pocillopora damicornis drive off an attcaking Acanthaster. Coral Reefs, 10: 132.

1992.  Cairns,  S.  D.,  and  Macintyre,  I.  G.    Phylogenetic implications of calcium carbonate mineralogy in the Stylasteridae (Cnidaria Hydrozoa).   PALAIOS, 7:96-107.

1992.  Reid, R. P., Macintyre, I. G., and Post, J. E.  Micritized skeletal grains in northern Belize lagoon: A major source of Mg_calcite mud.  Jour. Sed. Petrology 62:145-156.

1992.  Wilkinson,  C.  R.  and Macintyre,  I.  G.  (Eds.)    The Acanthaster debate.  Special Issue.  Coral Reefs, 11:51-124.

1992.  Macintyre, I. G., and Reid, R. P.  Comment on the origin of aragonite needle mud: A picture is worth a thousand words.  Jour. Sed. Petrology 62:1095-1097.

1993.  Macintyre, I.G., Glynn, P.W., and Cortés, J.  Holocene reef  History in the Eastern Pacific: Mainland Costa Rica, Cano Island, Cocos Island, and Galapagos Islands. Proceedings of the Seventh International Coral Reef Symposium, Guam, 1992.  2:1174 -1184.

1993.  Rasmussen, K. A., Macintyre, I. G., and Prufert, L. Modern stromatolite reefs fringing a brackish coastline, Chetumal Bay, Belize. Geology, 21:199-202.

1993.  Macintyre, I. G. Stromatolites associated with coral_algal communities in Holocene high-energy reefs: Comment.  Geology, 21:955.

1994.  Macintyre, I. G., Cortés, J., and Glynn, P. W. Anatomy of a dying coral reef: Punta Islotes Reef, Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica. Proceedings of the Colloquium on Global Aspects of Coral Reefs: Health, Hazards, and History, 1993.Ginsburg, R. N. Compiler. Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami,  pp. 261-266.

1994.  Cortés, J., Macintyre, I. G., and Glynn, P.W.  Holocene growth history of an eastern Pacific fiinging reef, Punta Islotes, Costa Rica. Coral Reefs, 13:65-73.

1994.   Reinthal, P.N., and Macintyre, I.G.  Spatial and temporal variations in grazing pressure by herbivorous fishes: Tobacco Reef, Belize. Atoll Research Bulletin, 425:1-11.

1994   Macintyre, I.G. Drilling algal ridges can be hazardous to your health. Coral Reefs, 13: 170

1995.  Macintyre, I.G., and Reid, R.P. Crystal alteration in a living calcareous alga (Halimeda): Implications for studies in skeletal diagenesis. Jour. of Sed. Resh. A65: 143-153.

1995.  Reid, R.P., Macintyre, I.G., Brown, K.M., Steneck, R.S., and Miller, T.  Modern stromatolites in the Exurna Cays, Bahamas: Uncommonly common. Facies, 33:1-18.

1995.  Littler, M.M., Macintyre, I.G., and Littler, D.S. (Eds.) Biology and Geology of Tobacco Range, Belize, Central America: A mangrove system containing fractured peat deposits. Atoll Research Bulletin Special Issue. Nos 426-431.

1995.  Littler, M.M., Littler, D.S., and Macintyre, I.G. Introduction to the Biology and Geology of Tobacco Range, Belize, C.A. Atoll Research Bulletin, 426:1-6.

1995.  Littler, M.M., Littler, D.S., Macintyre, I.G., Brooks, B.L., Taylor, P.R., and Lapoint, B.E. The Tobacco Range Fracture Zone: A unique system of slumped mangrove peat. Atoll Research Bulletin, 428:1-31.

1995.  Macintyre, I.G., Littler, M.M., and Littler, D.S. Holocene history of Tobacco Range, Belize, Central America. Atoll Research Bulletin, 430:1-18.

1996.  Macintyre, I.G., Reid, R.P., and Steneck, R.S. Growth history of stromatolites in a Holocene fringing reef, Stocking Island, Bahamas. Jour. Sed. Resh. 66:231-242.

1996. Macintyre, I.G. (Ed.) Laysan Island and Other Northwestern Hawaiian Islands: Early Science Reports with a Laysan Island Bibliography. Atoll Research Bulletin Special Issue, Nos. 432-434.

1996. Macintyre, I.G., A diver-operated submersible drill for studying the geological history of coral reefs. In Lang, M.A. and  Baldwin, C.C. (Eds.) Methods and Techniques of Underwater Research. Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences Scientific Diving Symposium. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. pp 167-174.

1997. Steneck, R.S., Macintyre, I.G., and Reid, R.P. A unique algal ridge system in the Exuma Cays, Bahamas. Coral Reefs, 16: 29-37.

1997. Lessios, H.A. and  Macintyre, I.G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium Vol 1, Vol 2 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panama. 2176 p.

1997. Macintyre, I.G. and Aronson, R.B. Field Guide to the Reefs of Belize. In Lessios, H.A. and Macintyre, I.G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Synposium. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panama. 1: 203-222.

1997. Macintyre, I.G. Reevaluating the role of crustose coralline algae in the construction of coral reefs. In Lessios, H.A. and Macintyre, I.G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panama. 1: 725-730.

1998. Macintyre, I.G. and Reid, R.P. Recrystallization in living porcelaneous foraminifera (Archaias angulatis): Textural changes without Mineralogic alteration. Jour. Sed. Resh. 68: 11-19.

1998. Graus, R.R. and Macintyre, I.G. Global warming and the future of Caribbean coral reefs. Carbonates and Evaporites, 13: 43-47.

1998. Steneck, R.S., Miller, T.E., Reid, R.P., and Macintyre, I.G. Ecological controls on stromatolite development in a modern reef environment: A test of the ecological refuge paradigm. Carbonates and Evaporites, 13:48- 65.

1998. Reid, R.P. and Macintyre, I.G. Carbonate recrystallization in shallow marine environments: A widespread diagenetic process forming micritized grains. Jour. Sed. Resh. 68: 928-946.

1998. Visscher, P., Reid, R.P., Bebout, B.M., Hoeft, S.E., Macintyre, I.G., and Thompson, J. Formation of lithified micritic laminae in modern marine stromatolites (Bahamas): The role of sulfur cycling. American Mineralogist, 83: 1482-1491.

1998. Aronson, R.B., Precht, W.F., and Macintyre, I.G.  Extrinsic control of species replacement on a Holocene reef in Belize: The role of coral disease. Coral Reefs, 17: 223-230.

1999. Macintyre, I.G. and Lang, M.A. The Geological History of Coral Reefs: Diver Training. September Issue: 92-93

1999. Reid, R.P., Macintyre, I.G., and Steneck, R.S. A microbialite/algal ridge fringing reef complex, Highborne Cay, Bahamas: Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 465: 1-18.

2000. Reid, R.P., and Macintyre, I.G. Microboring versus recrystallization: Further insight into the micritization process: Jour. Sed. Resh. 70: 24-28.

2000. Macintyre, I.G., Prufert-Bebout, L., and Reid, R.P. The role of endolithic cyanobacteria in the formation of lithified laminae in Bahamian stromatolites. Sedimentology,

acintyre, I.G., Bayer, F.M., Logan, M.A.V., and Skinner, H.C.W. Possible vestige of early phosphatic biomineralization in gorgonian octocorals (Coelenterata): Geology, 28: 455-458.

2000. Aronson, R.B., Precht, W.F., Macintyre, I.G., and Murdoch, T.J.T. Coral bleach-out in Belize. Nature, 405: 36

2000 Macintyre, I.G. and Rutzler, K. (Eds). Natural History of the Pelican Cays, Belize. Atoll Research Bulletin Nos. 466 - 480, 333p.

2000 Macintyre, I.G., Precht, W.F., and Aronson, R.B. Origin of the Pelican Cays ponds, Belize. Atoll Research Bulletin  No. 466: 1 - 11.

2000 Macintyre, I.G., Goodbody, I., Rutzler, K., Littler, D.S., and Littler, M.M. A general biological and geological survey of the rims of ponds in the Major mangrove islands of the Pelican Cays, Belize. Atoll Research Bulletin, No.467: 15 - 44.

2000 Dardeau, M.R., Aronson, R.B., Precht, W.F., and Macintyre, I.G. Use of a hand-operated, open-barrel corer to sample uncemented Holocene coral reefs. Proc. Of Amer. Acad. Of Underwater Sciences 20th Annual Scientific Diving Symposium: 6-9.

2000 Reid, R.P., Visscher, P.T., Decho, A.W., Stoltz, J.F., Bebout, B.M., Dupraz, C., Macintyre, I.G., Paerl, H.W., Pinckney, J.L., Prufert-Bebout, L., Steppe, T.F., and DesMarais, D.C.  The role of microbes in accretion, lamination, and early lithification of modern marine stromatolites. Nature, 406: 989-992.

2001 Bayer, F.M. and Macintyre, I.G.  The mineral component of the axis and holdfast of some gorgonacean octocorals (Coelenterata: Anthozoa), with special reference to the family Gorgoniidae. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.,114: 309-345.

2001 Macintyre, I.G. and  Logan, M.A. Microprobe analyses of ocher on bone from the Anzick burial site. Appendix pp. 122-124. In D.W. Owsley and D.R. Hunt. Clovis and Early Archaic Crania from the Anzick Site (24PA506), Park County, Montana. Plains Anthropologist, 46:115-124.

2001 Macintyre, I.G., Glynn, P.W., and Steneck, R.S. A classic Caribbean algal ridge, Holandes Cays, Panama: An algal coated storm deposit. Coral Reefs, 20: 95-105.

2001 Macintyre, I.G. Atoll Research Bulletin Golden Issue 1951-2001. Atoll Research Bulletin, 494: 1-272.

2002 Aronson, R.B., Macintyre, I.G., Precht, W.F., Murdoch, T.J.T., and Wapnick, C.M. The expanding scale of species turnover events on coral reefs in Belize. Ecological Monographs, 72: 233-249.

2003 Toscano, M.A. and Macintyre, I.G. Corrected western Atlantic sea-level curve for the last 11,000 years based on calibrated 14C dates on Acropora palmata framework and intertidal mangrove peat. Coral Reefs, 22: 257-270.

2003 Macintyre, I.G. and Reid, R.P. Micritization. In G.V. Middleton ed. Encyclopedia of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp 436-438.

2003   Reid, R.P., James, N.P., Macintyre, I.G., Dupraz, C.P., Burne, R.V. Shark Bay stromatolites: Microfabrics and reinterpretation of origins. Facies. 49: 299-324.

2003 Macintyre, I.G. A classic marginal coral environment: tropical coral patches off North Caroloina, USA. Coral Reefs, 22: 474.

2004 Aronson, R.B., Macintyre, I.G., Wapnick, C.M., and O’Neill, M.W.  Phase shifts, alternative states, and the unprecedented convergence of two reef systems. Ecology, 85: 1876-1891.

2004 Macintyre, I.G., Rutzler, K., and Feller, I.C. (Eds) The Twin Cays Mangrove Ecosystem, Belize: Biodiversity, Geological History, and Two Decades of Change. Atoll Research Bulletin, Nos. 509-530, 475 p.

2004 Macintyre, I.G., Toscano, M.A., and Bond, G.B. Modern sedimentary environments, Twin Cays, Belize, Central America. Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 509: 1-12.

2004 Macintyre, I.G., Toscano, M.A., Lighty, R.G., and Bond, G.B. Holocene history of the mangrove islands of Twin Cays, Belize, Central America. Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 510: 1-16.

2004 Macintyre, I.G., and Toscano, M.A. The Pleistocene limestone foundation below Twin Cays, Belize, Central America. Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 511: 1-16.

2004 Holcomb, M., Pandolfi, J.M., Macintyre, I.G., and Budd, A.F. Use of X-radiographs to distinguish members of the Montastraea annularis reef-coral species complex. Hydrobiologia, 530/531: 211-222.

2005 Toscano, M.A. and Macintyre, I.G. Response – Blanchon P, Comment on Toscano MA and Macintyre IG (2003): Corrected western Atlantic sea-level curve for the last 11,000 years based on calibrated 14C dates from Acropora palmata framework and intertidal mangrove peat. Coral Reefs 22: 257-270. Coral Reefs 24: 187-190.

2005 Macintyre, I.G., Glynn, P.W., and Hinds, F. Evidence of the role of Diadema antillarum in the promotion of coral settlement and survivorship. Coral Reefs, 24: 273.

2005 Aronson, R.B., Macintyre, I.G., and Precht, W.F. Event preservation in lagoonal reef systems. Geology, 33: 717-720.

2005 Aronson, R.B., Macintyre, I.G., Lewis, S.A., and Hilbun, N.L. Emergent zonation and geographic convergence of coral reefs. Ecology, 86: 2586-2600.

2005 Littler, D.S., Littler, M.M., Macintyre, I.G., Bowlin, E., Andres, M.S., and Reid, R.P. Guide to the dominant macroalgae of the stromatolite fringing-reef complex, Highborne Cay, Bahamas. Atoll Research Bulletin, No.532: 67-91.

2006 Macintyre, I.G. and Aronson, R.B. Lithified and Unlithified Mg-Calcite Precipitates in Tropical Reef Environments. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 76: 80-89.

2006 Toscano, M.A., and Macintyre, I.G. Reply to Gischler, E., Comment on Toscano and Macintyre (2005): corrected western Atlantic sea-level curve for the last 11,000 years based on calibrated C14 dates from Acropora palmata framework and intertidal mangrove peat. Coral Reefs, 22: 257-270 (2003), and their response in Coral Reefs 24: 187-190 (2005).

2007  Macintyre, I.G. A History of Demise, Regeneration, and Survival of Coral Reefs in Response to Rising Seas of the Holocene Transgression: Examples from the Western  Atlantic Region. In R.B. Aronson ed. Geological Approaches to Coral Reef Ecology. New York. Springer-Verlag. p.181-200.

2007 Macintyre,I.G. and Toscano, M.A. The Elkhorn Coral Acropora palmata is coming back to the Belize Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs 26: 757

2007 Macintyre, I.G., Glynn, P.W., and Toscano, M.A. The demise of a major Acropora  palmata bank-barrier reef off the southeast coast of Barbados, West Indies. Coral Reefs, 26: 765-773.

2007 Macintyre, I.G., Glynn, P.W., and Toscano, M.A. The destruction of a large Acropora palmata bank-barrier reef and subsequent depletion of this reef-building coral off Barbados, W.I. Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 545: 1-29.

2007 Macintyre, I.G. Island in the Sun In J. Schoonover (Ed) Adventurous Dreams, Adventurous Lives, Rocky Mountain Books, Calgary. 311p

2008 Macintyre, I.G., Toscano, M.A., and Lundberg, J. Complex environmental patterns and Holocene sea-level changes controlling reef histories along northeastern St. Croix, USVI  Atoll Research Bulletin, No. 556: 1-25

2009 Macintyre, I.G., Toscano, M.A., Feller, I.C., and Faust, M. Decimating mangrove forests for commercial development in the Pelican Cays, Belize: Long- term ecological loss for short-term gain?  Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Network Symposium. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, No. 38.

2009 Aronson, R.B., Macintyre, I.G., Moesinger, A.M., Precht, W.F., and Dardeau, M.R.  History of reef coral assemblages on the Rhomboid Shoals of Belize. Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Network Symposium. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, No. 38.