- Scott L. Wing
- Curator of Fossil Plants
- Phone: 202-633-1361
- Fax: 202-786-2832
- E-mail Address: wings
- Mailing Address:
PO Box 37012, MRC 121
Washington, DC 20013-7012
- Shipping Address:
National Museum of Natural History
10th & Constitution NW
Washington, DC 20560-0121
Ph.D. Yale University, 1981
B.S. Yale College, 1976
Descriptions and photos of my research projects (link).
I am a biologist interested in evolution and ecology. I study fossils because they provide a long-term record of evolutionary, ecological and environmental change. If properly interpreted that record can say much about process as well as history. I use fossil plants to reconstruct past climates and local environments, and I also study the composition and diversity of floras through time as they respond to changing conditions. My research has focused on the Cretaceous and early Cenozoic - a period of globally warm climate when flowering plants were emerging as the dominant form of terrestrial life. My research is based largely on field work and collections made by me or under my direction. I collect data on the morphology and taxonomy of fossil and analyze them through statistical characterization of trends in morphology, composition or diversity of floras, and comparison of floral change with indicators of environmental change. I also make climatic interpretations based on fossil plants for comparison with paleoclimatic estimates derived from computer simulations.
I have a long-running project examining climatic and floral change across the Paleocene/Eocene boundary, a time of global climatic warming. The project has been directed at quantifying temperature and precipitation change and also change in floral composition and diversity over about 5 million years spanning the boundary. Much of my field work has been in western North America because there are abundant fossils, the stratigraphic and temporal context of the fossils has been established (by me and many others), and study of these areas is interdisciplinary. I have also worked on this project in Pakistan and Argentina.
In a second long-term project I am studying the abundance and diversity of angiosperms in the Late Cretaceous. Angiosperms are the youngest major group of terrestrial organisms, which raises the question: how did they achieve such high diversity and abundance over a relatively brief geological interval (~100 - 60 million years ago)? I have been examining exceptionally preserved, in situ, fossil floras from the Cretaceous in order to establish the relative contribution of angiosperms to vegetational biomass and overall plant diversity in different types of environments. I am using these data to understand the ecological dimensions of this major evolutionary radiation.
I am also a member of a large team of paleobotanists who are adding data (mostly from the literature) on fossil plant assemblages to a web-accessible database maintained at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis. In the long run this database will allow us to better quantify changes in the diversity and composition of terrestrial floras across the whole history of life on land. By comparing results compiled from the literature with more detailed studies like the ones I am doing in the Cretaceous and Cenozoic, I hope we will also reach a better understanding of the biases and limitations of the published fossil record.
Why is this research important?
Like any scientific research, my work is important to different constituencies for different reasons.
Humans are adding CO2 and other greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, which will change global climate. Climatologists estimate the rate and magnitude of future climate change using general circulation models (GCMs). How accurate are GCMs? Strictly, their predictions can only be tested by waiting to see how climate changes in the decades and centuries ahead, but some idea of their accuracy can be gained by comparing "postdictions" for past times against climate reconstructions for those past times based on fossil plants. Thus my paleoclimate reconstructions based on fossil plants are important to climatologists, and, to the extent that they reveal strengths and weaknesses in GCMs, to policy makers and the public as well.
I have an academic interest in floral change during past periods of global climate, but this work may have practical significance if it reveals the rates and mechanisms by which plants respond to climate change, since these processes are important in predicting the effect of future anthropogenic climate change on natural populations.
Finally, I think there is intrinsic importance to learning about the history of the earth and the organisms that inhabit it. This knowledge can bring about in all of us a greater appreciation for the complexity of nature, it gives us context for our own existence, and it reveals the uniqueness of our current situation - in which we hold a degree of stewardship over the planet.
Research Assistants, Current and Former Post-doctoral Fellows, and Students
- 2012-2015 Rich Barclay (Northwestern University)
- 2008-2009 Walton Green (Yale University)
- 2006-2007 Caroline Stromberg (University of California, Berkeley)
- 2004-2006 Steffen Kiel(Freie UniversitÃ¤t, Berlin)
- 2004-2006 Francesca Smith (University of Chicago)
- 2003-2006 Forest Gahn (University of Michigan)
- 2004-2005 Ross Secord (University of Michigan)
- 2002-2003 Guy Harrington (University of Sheffield)
- 2001-2004 Hallie Sims (University of Chicago)
- 2000-2001 Carlos Jaramillo (University of Florida)
- 1999-2000 Henry Fricke (University of Michigan)
- 1997-1998 John Alroy (University of Chicago)
- 1994-1998 Sian Davies-Vollum (Oxford University)
- 1995-1997 Lisa Boucher (University of Kansas)
- 1994-1995 Fleur Tiver (University of Adelaide)
- 1992-1993 David Greenwood (University of Adelaide)
- 1988-1989 Martin Farley (Pennsylvania State University)
- 1987-1989 Robyn Burnham (University of Washington)
- 1986-1988 Susan Mazer (University of California, Davis)
Graduate Students and Pre-Doctoral Fellows
- 2009- Andy Simpson, Behavior, Ecology, Evolution & Systematics Program, University of Maryland College Park (coadvisor)
- 2008- Nathan Jud, Behavior, Ecology, Evolution & Systematics Program, University of Maryland College Park (Peter Buck Pre-doctoral Fellow)
- 2003-2008 Ellen Currano, Department of Geosciences, Pennsylvania State University (coadvisor)
- 2000-2008 Mandela Lyon, Ph.D. candidate, Dept. of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Pennsylvania
- 1994-1998 Peter Wilf, Department of Geology, University of Pennsylvania (primary thesis advisor)
- 2011 James Super, Stanford University
- 2010 Leah Rand, University of Chicago, Featured in the film below!
- 2009 Ben Casterline and Eric Mayer, University of Chicago
- 2008 Marie Hoerner and Hayden Miller, Colorado College; James Super, Stanford University
- 2007 James Super, Stanford University
- 2006 Shannon Loomis, University of Chicago
- 2005 Elizabeth Lovelock, University of Pennsylvania
- 2004 Anthony Alvarez, University of California Santa Barbara
- 2002 Ellen Currano, University of Chicago
- 2001 David Blackburn, University of Chicago
- 2000 Courtenay Shinn, University of Chicago
- 1999 Noel Heim, University of Chicago
- 1999 Jessie Scott, Wellesley College
- 1998 Josh Chamot, College of William & Mary
- 1988-1996 (23 students from various colleges)
- Adjunct Professor, Department of Biology and BEES (Behavior, Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics) Group, University of Maryland College Park
- Courtesy Curator, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainseville
- Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Geography and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham
- Adjunct Professor, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan
- Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences and Geobiology Group, University of Pennsylvania
- 2006-2008 Editorial Board, Palaios
- 2006-2008 Editorial Board, Palaeoworld
- 2001-2004 Editorial Board, Evolutionary Ecology Research
- 1999-2003 Editorial Board, Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics
- 1995-2001 Co-Editor, Paleobiology, and member of Paleontological Society Council
- 1996-1997 President, Paleontological Society of Washington, D.C.
- 1996-1997 Chair, NMNH Public Programs Committee
- 1995-1997 Paleontological Society Committee for the Geobiology of Critical Intervals
- 1994-1996 Organizing and Program Committees, North American Paleontological Convention VI
- 1994-1995 Chairman, Senate of Scientists, National Museum of Natural History
- 1994 Secretary, Smithsonian Institution Congress of Scholars
- 1994-1995 Environmental Geoscience Advisory Committee, American Geological Institute
- 1993-1994 Treasurer, Senate of Scientists, National Museum of Natural History
- 1990-1993 Co-director, National Museum of Natural History Research Training Program
- Climate and Biota of the Early Paleogene. June 2006. Scientific Committee Member. Bilbao, Spain.
- Causes and Effects of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum and Other Paleogene Hyperthermal Events. October 2005. Organized by Scott Wing. Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City
- A Global View of Paleogene Floras. March 2004. Organized by Peter Wilf, Kirk Johnson, and Scott Wing. Seventh International Organization of Paleobotany Conference, Bariloche, Argentina.
- Disruptions in Ancient Land Ecosystems: Lessons from the Fossil Record. February 2003. Organized by A.K. Behrensmeyer and S. L. Wing. AAAS Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado.
- Climate and Biota of the Early Paleogene. July 2001. Organized by Scott Wing, Philip Gingerich & Amanda Ash. Sponsored by NSF and National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
- Globally Warm Climates of the Early Cenozoic: Evidence, Causes and Biotic Consequences. October 1999. Organized by Scott Wing and Lisa Sloan. Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Pardee Symposium.
- Fifth International Organization of Paleobotany Meeting. Vegetation, Climate, and Phytogeography during the Eocene "Greenhouse" Interval. June 1996. Organized by Scott Wing and R. J. Burnham.
- North American Paleontological Convention VI. Model Results and Paleontological Inferences for Greenhouse Intervals in Earth History. June 1996. Organized by Brian Huber, Ken MacLeod & Scott Wing.
- Long-term and short-term views of community stability: implications for evolution. July 1990. Organized by W. A. DiMichele and Scott Wing. 4th Int. Congress of Systematics and Evolutionary Biology.
- Global Change in Earth History, March 1990. National Museum of Natural History Briefing for Congress and Federal Agencies. Organized by Scott Wing. Sponsored by the Smithsonian Office of External Affairs.
- First International Symposium on the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems - The Current Status of Terrestrial Paleoecology. May 1987. Organized by A. K. Behrensmeyer, Scott Wing, W.A. DiMichele and R. Potts. Sponsored by the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems Program, Smithsonian Institution.
- Short Course on Paleoecological Methods. August 1987. Organized by W.A. DiMichele and Scott Wing. Sponsored by the Paleobotanical Section of the Botanical Society of America.
- Conference and workshop on peat forming environments. January 1987. Organized by Scott Wing and W.A. DiMichele. Cosponsored by the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems Program and Utah International.
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PublicationsBlois, Jessica L., Gotelli, Nicholas J., Behrensmeyer, Anna K., Faith, J. T., Lyons, S. K., Williams, John W., Amatangelo, Kathryn L., Bercovici, Antoine, Du, Andrew, Eronen, Jussi T., Graves, Gary R., Jud, Nathan, Labandeira, Conrad, Looy, Cindy V., McGill, Brian, Patterson, David, Potts, Richard, Riddle, Brett, Terry, Rebecca, Tóth, Anikó, Villaseñor, Amelia and Wing, Scott L. 2014. A framework for evaluating the influence of climate, dispersal limitation, and biotic interactions using fossil pollen associations across the late Quaternary, Ecography,
Little, Stefan A., Green, Walton A., Wing, Scott L. and Wilf, Peter. 2014. Reinvestigation of Leaf Rank, an Underappreciated Component of Leo Hickey's Legacy, Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 55(2):79-87
Peppe, Daniel J., Lemons, Casee R., Royer, Dana L., Wing, Scott L., Wright, Ian J., Lusk, Christopher H. and Rhoden, Chazelle H. 2014. Biomechanical and leaf–climate relationships: A comparison of ferns and seed plants, American Journal of Botany, 101(2):338-347
Diefendorf, Aaron F., Freeman, Katherine H. and Wing, Scott L. 2014. A comparison of terpenoid and leaf fossil vegetation proxies in Paleocene and Eocene Bighorn Basin sediments, Organic Geochemistry, 71:30-42
Green, Walton A., Little, Stefan A., Price, Charles A., Wing, Scott L., Smith, Selena Y., Kotrc, Benjamin and Doria, Gabriela. 2014. Reading the leaves: A comparison of leaf rank and automated areole measurement for quantifying aspects of leaf venation, Applications in Plant Sciences, 2(8)
Graham, Heather V., Patzkowsky, Mark E., Wing, Scott L., Parker, Geoffrey G., Fogel, Marilyn L. and Freeman, Katherine H. 2014. Isotopic characteristics of canopies in simulated leaf assemblages, Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta,
Kraus, Mary J., McInerney, Francesca A., Wing, Scott L., Secord, Ross, Baczynski, Allison A. and Bloch, Jonathan I. 2013. Paleohydrologic response to continental warming during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 370:196-208
Wing, Scott L. and Currano, Ellen D. 2013. Plant response to a global greenhouse event 56 million years ago, American Journal of Botany, 100(9):1234-1254
Baczynski, Allison A., McInerney, Francesca A., Wing, Scott L., Kraus, Mary J., Bloch, Jonathan I., Boyer, Doug M., Secord, Ross, Morse, Paul E. and Fricke, Henry C. 2013. Chemostratigraphic implications of spatial variation in the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum carbon isotope excursion, SE Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14(10):4133-4152
Clyde, W. C., Gingerich, P. D., Wing, S. L., Röhl, U., Westerhold, T., Bowen, G., Johnson, K., Baczynski, A. A., Diefendorf, A., McInerney, F., Schnurrenberger, D., Noren, A. and Brady, K. 2013. Bighorn Basin Coring Project (BBCP): a continental perspective on early Paleogene hyperthermals, Scientific Drilling, 16:21-31
Secord, Ross, Bloch, Jonathan I., Chester, Stephen G. B., Boyer, Doug M., Wood, Aaron R., Wing, Scott L., Kraus, Mary J., McInerney, Francesca A. and Krigbaum, John. 2012. Evolution of the Earliest Horses Driven by Climate Change in the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, Science, 335(6071):959-962
Diefendorf, Aaron F., Freeman, Katherine H. and Wing, Scott L. 2012. Distribution and carbon isotope patterns of diterpenoids and triterpenoids in modern temperate C3 trees and their geochemical significance, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 85:342-356
Price, Charles A., Wing, Scott and Weitz, Joshua S. 2012. Scaling and structure of dicotyledonous leaf venation networks, Ecology Letters, 15(2):87-95
Wing, Scott L., Stromberg, Caroline A. E., Hickey, Leo J., Tiver, Fleur, Willis, Brian, Burnham, Robyn J. and Behrensmeyer, Anna K. 2012. Floral and environmental gradients on a Late Cretaceous landscape, Ecological Monographs, 82(1):23-47
Clyde, W. C., Gingerich, P. D. and Wing, Scott L. 2012. Coring Project in Bighorn Basin: Drilling Phase Complete, Eos, 93(4):41-42
Adams, Jason S., Kraus, Mary J. and Wing, Scott L. 2011. Evaluating the use of weathering indices for determining mean annual precipitation in the ancient stratigraphic record, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 309(3-4):358-366
McInerney, Francesca A. and Wing, Scott L. 2011. The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum: a Perturbation of Carbon Cycle, Climate, and Biosphere with Implications for the Future, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 39:489-516
Freeman, Katherine H., Mueller, Kevin E., Diefendorf, Aaron F., Wing, Scott L. and Koch, Paul L. 2011. Clarifying the influence of water availability and plant types on carbon isotope discrimination by C3 plants, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(16):E59-E60
Wing, Scott L. 2011. We Need a Deeper Sense of Time, Science, 333(6044):825
Green, Walton A., Hunt, Gene, Wing, Scott L. and DiMichele, William A. 2011. Does extinction wield an axe or pruning shears? How interactions between phylogeny and ecology affect patterns of extinction, Paleobiology, 37(1):72-91
Carvalho, Mónica R., Herrera, Fabiany, Jaramillo, Carlos A., Wing, Scott L. and Callejas, Ricardo. 2011. Paleocene Malvaceae from northern South America and their biogeographical implications, American Journal of Botany, 98(8):1337-1355
Wing, Scott L. 2011. Deep Future The Next 100,000 Years of Life on Earth, Science, 333(6044):825-825
Diefendorf, Aaron F., Freeman, Katherine H., Wing, Scott L. and Graham, Heather V. 2011. Production of n-alkyl lipids in living plants and implications for the geologic past, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(23):7472-7485
Diefendorf, Aaron F., Mueller, Kevin E., Wing, Scott L., Koch, Paul L. and Freeman, Katherine H. 2010. Global patterns in leaf C-13 discrimination and implications for studies of past and future climate, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(13):5738-5743
Wing, Scott L., Bloch, J. I., Bowen, G. J., Boyer, D. M., Chester, S., Diefendorf, Aaron F., Harrington, G. J., Kraus, M. J., Secord, R. and Smith, F. A. 2009. "Coordinated sedimentary and biotic change during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, USA". Pp. 156-162 in Climatic and Biotic Events of the Paleogene (CBEP 2009), extended abstracts from an international conference in Wellington, New Zealand, 12-15 January 2009 (Crouch, E. M., Strong, C. P. and Hollis, C. J.). Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences
Ellis, B., Daly, D. C., Hickey, Leo J., Johnson, K. R., Mitchell, J. D., Wilf, Peter and Wing, Scott L.2009. Manual of Leaf Architecture. Cornell University Press
Gomez-Navarro, Carolina, Jaramillo, Carlos A., Herrera, Fabiany, Wing, Scott L. and Callejas, Ricardo. 2009. Palms (Arecaceae) from a Paleocene rainforest of northern Colombia, American Journal of Botany, 96(7):1300-1312
Bennington, J. B., DiMichele, William A., Badgley, Catherine, Bambach, Richard K., Barrett, Paul M., Behrensmeyer, Anna K., Bobe, Rene, Burnham, Robyn J., Daeschler, Edward B., Van Dam, Jan, Eronen, Jussi T., Erwin, Douglas H., Finnegan, Seth, Holland, Steven M., Hunt, Gene, Jablonski, David, Jackson, Stephen T., Jacobs, Bonnie E., Kidwell, Susan M., Koch, Paul L., Kowalewski, Michal J., Labandeira, Conrad C., Looy, Cindy V., Lyons, Sara K., Novack-Gottshall, Philip M., et al. 2009. Critical Issues of Scale in Paleoecology, Palaios, 24(1-2):1-4
Wing, Scott L., Herrera, Fabiany, Jaramillo, Carlos A., Gómez-Navarro, Carolina, Wilf, Peter and Labandeira, Conrad C. 2009. Late Paleocene fossils from the Cerrejón Formation, Colombia, are the earliest record of Neotropical rainforest, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(44):18627-18632
Wing, Scott L., Bloch, Johathan I., Bowen, Gabriel J., Boyer, Douglas M., Chester, Stephen, Diefendorf, Aaron F., Harrington, Guy J., Kraus, Mary J., Secord, Ross and McInerney, Francesca A. 2008. "Coordinated Sedimentary and Biotic Change During the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, USA". Pp. 157-163 in Climatic and Biotic Events of the Paleogene (CBEP 2009), extended abstracts from an international conference in Wellington, New Zealand, 12-15 January 2009 (Crouch, E. M., Strong, C. P. and Hollis, C. J.). Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Limited
Herrera, Fabiany A., Jaramillo, Carlos A., Dilcher, David L., Wing, Scott L. and Gomez-N., Carolina. 2008. Fossil Araceae from a Paleocene Neotropical rainforest in Colombia, American Journal of Botany, 95(12):1569-1583
Secord, Ross, Wing, Scott L. and Chew, Amy. 2008. Stable isotopes in early Eocene mammals as indicators of forest canopy structure and resource partitioning, Paleobiology, 34(2):282-300
Currano, Ellen D., Wilf, Peter, Wing, Scott L., Labandeira, Conrad C., Lovelock, Elizabeth C. and Royer, Dana L. 2008. Sharply increased insect herbivory during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(6):1960-1964
Clyde, William C., Hamzi, Walid, Finarelli, John A., Wing, Scott L., Schankler, David and Chew, Amy. 2007. Basin-wide magnetostratigraphic framework for the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, Geological Society of America Bulletin, 119(7/8):848-859
Smith, Francesca A., Wing, Scott L. and Freeman, Katherine H. 2007. Magnitude of the carbon isotope excursion at the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum: The role of plant community change, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 262(1-2):50-65
Bowen, Gabriel J., Bralower, Timothy J., Delaney, Margaret L., Dickens, Gerald R., Kelly, Daniel C., Koch, Paul L., Kump, Lee R., Meng, Jin, Sloan, Lisa C., Thomas, Ellen, Wing, Scott L. and Zachos, James C. 2006. Eocene Hyperthermal Event Offers Insight Into Greenhouse Warming, Eos, 87(17):165-167
McMillan, M. E., Heller, P. L. and Wing, Scott L. 2006. History and causes of post-Laramide relief in the Rocky Mountain orogenic plateau, Geological Society of America Bulletin, 118(3):393-405
Wing, Scott L. 2005. Transient floral change and rapid global warming at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary, Science, 310(5750):993-996
Wing, Scott L. 2005. "A paleontological perspective on plant extinction". Pp. 43-53 in Plant Conservation A Natural History Approach (Krupnick, Gary A. and Kress, W. John). University of Chicago Press
Greenwood, D. R., Wilf, Peter, Wing, Scott L. and Christophel, D. C. 2004. Paleotemperature Estimation Using Leaf-Margin Analysis: Is Australia Different?, Palaios, 19:129-142
Barnosky, Anthony D., Koch, Paul L., Feranec, Robert S., Wing, Scott L. and Shabel, Alan B. 2004. Assessing the causes of Late Pleistocene extinctions on the continents, Science, 306:70-75
Wing, Scott L. 2004. "Mass Extinctions in Plant Evolution". Pp. 61-97 in Extinctions in the History of Life (Taylor, Paul D.). Cambridge University Press
Fricke, H. and Wing, Scott L. 2004. Oxygen isotope and paleobotanical estimates of temperature and A'18O latitudinal gradients over North America during the early Eocene, American Journal of Science, 304:612-635
DiMichele, William A., Behrensmeyer, Anna K., Olszewski, T. D., Labandeira, Conrad C., Pandolfi, John M., Wing, Scott L. and Bobe, Rene. 2004. Long-term stasis in ecological assemblages: evidence from the fossil record, Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 35:285-322
Koch, P. L., Clyde, W. C., Heppel, R. P., Fogel, Marilyn L., Wing, Scott L. and Zachos, J. C. 2003. Isotopic records of carbon cycle and climate change across the Paleocene-Eocene boundary from the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, Special Papers / Geological Society of America, 369:49-64
Wing, Scott L., Harrington, Guy J., Bowen, G. J. and Koch, P. L. 2003. Floral change during the Initial Eocene Thermal Maximum in the Powder River Basin, Wyoming, Special Papers / Geological Society of America, 369:425-440
Royer, Dana L., Hickey, Leo J. and Wing, Scott L. 2003. Ecological conservatism in the "living fossil" Ginkgo, Paleobiology, 29(1):84-104
Wilf, Peter, Caneo, N. R., Johnson, K. R., Hicks, J. F., Wing, Scott L. and Obradovich, J. D. 2003. High plant diversity in Eocene South America: evidence from Patagonia, Science, 300:122-125
Wing, Scott L. and Harrington, G. J. 2001. Floral response to rapid warming in the earliest Eocene and implications for concurrent faunal change, Paleobiology, 27(3):539-563
Royer, D. L., Wing, Scott L., Beerling, D. J., Jolley, D. W., Koch, P. L., Hickey, Leo J. and Berner, R. A. 2001. Paleobotanical evidence for near present-day levels of atmospheric CO2 during part of the tertiary, Science, 292(5525):2310-2313
Wing, Scott L. 2001. Hot times in the Bighorn Basin, Natural History, 110(3):48-54
Sewall, J. O., Sloan, L. C., Huber, M. and Wing, Scott L. 2000. Climate sensitivity to changes in land surface characteristics, Global and Planetary Change, 26(4):445-465
Wing, Scott L. 2000. Cool, warm, cool, warm - climate oscillation and floral change during the Paleocene, Gff, 122:182-183
Wing, Scott L. 2000. Evolution and Expansion of Flowering Plants, Paleontological Society Papers, 6:209-232
Huber, Brian T., MacLeod, Kenneth G. and Wing, Scott L. (eds.).2000. Warm Climates in Earth History. Cambridge University Press
Wilf, Peter, Wing, Scott L., Greenwood, D. R. and Greenwood, C. L. 1999. Using fossil leaves as paleoprecipitation indicators: An Eocene example: Reply, Geology, 27(1):92-92
Manchester, S. R., Dilcher, D. L. and Wing, Scott L. 1998. Attached leaves and fruits of myrtaceous affinity from the middle Eocene of Colorado, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 102(3-4):153-163
Wing, Scott L. and Boucher, L. D. 1998. Ecological aspects of the Cretaceous flowering plant radiation, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 26:379-421
Wilf, Peter, Wing, Scott L., Greenwood, D. R. and Greenwood, C. L. 1998. Using fossil leaves as paleoprecipitation indicators: An Eocene example, Geology, 26(3):203-206
Davies-Vollum, K. S. and Wing, Scott L. 1998. Sedimentological, taphonomic, and climatic aspects of Eocene swamp deposits (Willwood Formation, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming), Palaios, 13(1):28-40
Wing, Scott L. 1998. "Tertiary Vegetation of North America as a Context for Mammalian Evolution". Pp. 37-60 in Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America, Volume 1: Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates, and Ungulatelike Mammals (Janis, Christine M., Scott, Kathleen M. and Jacobs, Louis L.). Cambridge University Press
Wing, Scott L. 1997. "Global Warming and Plant Species Richness: a Case Study of the Paleocene/Eocene Boundary". Pp. 163-185 in Biodiversity II : Understanding and Protecting our Biological Resources (Reaka-Kudla, Marjorie L., Wilson, Don E. and Wilson, Edward O.). Joseph Henry Press
Damuth, J., Behrensmeyer, Anna K., DiMichele, William A., Labandeira, Conrad C., Potts, Richard and Wing, Scott L.1997. ETE Database Manual. Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems Consortium.
Wing, Scott L. and Greenwood, D. 1996. Eocene continental climates and latitudinal temperature gradients: Reply, Geology, 24(11):1054-1055
Wing, Scott L. 1996. The Republic Highlands, Washington Geology, 24(2):40
Wing, Scott L. 1996. "Global Warming and Plane Species Richness—a Case Study of the Paleocene/Eocene Boundary". Pp. 163-185 in Biodiversity II: Understanding and Protecting our Natural Resources (Wilson, E. O., Wilson, Don E. and Reaka-Kudla, M. L.). National Academy Press
Wing, Scott L. and DiMichele, William A. 1995. Conflict between local and global changes in plant diversity through geological time, Palaios, 10:551-564
Greenwood, D. R. and Wing, Scott L. 1995. Eocene Continental Climates and Latitudinal Temperature-Gradients, Geology, 23(11):1044-1048
Wing, Scott L., Alroy, J. and Hickey, Leo J. 1995. Plant and Mammal Diversity in the Paleocene to Early Eocene of the Bighorn Basin, Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology, 115(1-4):117-155
Wing, Scott L. and Wolfe, J. A. 1993. Stable-Isotope Study of Fluid Inclusions in Fluorite from Idaho - Implications for Continental Climates during the Eocene - Comment, Geology, 21(11):1051-1051
Wing, Scott L. and Greenwood, D. R. 1993. Fossils and Fossil Climate - the Case for Equable Continental Interiors in the Eocene, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 341(1297):243-252
Wing, Scott L., Hickey, Leo J. and Swisher, C. C. 1993. Implications of an Exceptional Fossil Flora for Late Cretaceous Vegetation, Nature, 363(6427):342-344
Greenwood, D. R., Wing, Scott L. and Behrensmeyer, Anna K. 1993. Determining Paleoclimates, Science, 260(5106):278-279
Wing, Scott L. 1992. High-Resolution Leaf X-Radiography in Systematics and Paleobotany, American Journal of Botany, 79(11):1320-1324
Wing, Scott L. and Sues, Hans-Dieter. 1992. "Mesozoic and Early Cenozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems". Pp. 327-416 in Terrestrial Ecosystems Through Time : Evolutionary Paleoecology of Terrestrial Plants and Animals (Behrensmeyer, Anna K., Damuth, John D., DiMichele, William A., Potts, Richard, Sues, Hans-Dieter and Wing, Scott L.). University of Chicago Press
Burnham, Robyn, Wing, Scott L. and Parker, Geoffrey G. 1992. Reflection of deciduous forest communities in leaf litter: Implications for autochthonous litter assemblages from the fossil record, Paleobiology, 18(1):30-49
Wing, Scott L., Bown, T. M. and Obradovich, J. D. 1991. Early Eocene Biotic and Climatic-Change in Interior Western North-America, Geology, 19(12):1189-1192
Archibald, J. D. and Wing, Scott L. 1991. Equable Climates during Earth History - Comment, Geology, 19(5):539-540
McCartan, L., Tiffney, B. H., Wolfe, J. A., Ager, T. A., Wing, Scott L., Sirkin, L. A., Ward, L. W. and Brooks, J. 1990. Late Tertiary Floral Assemblage from Upland Gravel Deposits of the Southern Maryland Coastal-Plain, Geology, 18(4):311-314
Wing, Scott L. 1987. Eocene and Oligocene Floras and Vegetation of the Rocky Mountains, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 74(4):748-784
Wing, Scott L. and Tiffney, B. H. 1987. The Reciprocal Interaction of Angiosperm Evolution and Tetrapod Herbivory, Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 50(1-2):179-210
Wing, Scott L. 1987. "Interactions of Angiosperms and Herbivorous Tetrapods through Time". Pp. 203-224 in The Origins of Angiosperms and their Biological Consequences (Friis, E. M., Chaloner, W. G. and Crane, P. R.). Cambridge University Press
Brunet, M., Coppens, Y., Pilbeam, D., Djallo, S., Behrensmeyer, Anna K., Brillanceau, A., Downs, W., Duperon, M., Ekodeck, G., Flynn, L., Heintz, E., Hell, J., Jehenne, Y., Martin, L., Mosser, C., Salardcheboldaeff, M., Wenz, S. and Wing, Scott L. 1986. Cenozoic and Cretaceous Fresh-Water Deposits in Cameroon - Preliminary-Results of a Paleontological Prospection, Comptes Rendus De L Academie Des Sciences Serie Ii, 303(5):425-428
Wing, Scott L. and Bown, T. M. 1985. "Fine Scale Reconstruction of the Late Paleocene-Early Eocene Paleogeography in the Bighorn Basin of Northern Wyoming". Pp. 93-105 in Cenozoic Paleogeography of the West Central United States, Rocky Mountain Symposium (Flores, R. M. and Kaplan, S.). Rocky Mountain Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists
Wing, Scott L. and Hickey, Leo J. 1984. The Platycarya Perplex and the Evolution of the Juglandaceae, American Journal of Botany, 71(3):388-411
Wing, Scott L. 1984. Relation of Paleovegetation to Geometry and Cyclicity of some Fluvial Carbonaceous Deposits, Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 54(1):52-66
Wing, Scott L. 1984. Review of "Catastrophes and Earth History", Earth Sciences History, 3(2):190-191
Wing, Scott L. 1984. A New Basis for Recognizing the Paleocene Eocene Boundary in Western Interior North-America, Science, 226(4673):439-441
Wing, Scott L. 1984. Impressions of Fallen Leaves, Earth Science, 37(4):16-17